Exam questions: sustainable tourism

By their very nature, tourists unwittingly put a strain on the environments they visit.  Sustainable tourism projects work harder to protect the environment from the tourists who visit.


These questions will be best answered if you can refer to real case studies in your answer.

FOUNDATION TIER



  1. 1.Read the following information about the Alta Floresta Ecotourism project.


Alta Floresta is a settlement in the Amazon rainforest.  People from the settlement are trained to work at the tourist centre.  The tourist centre educates tourists about the ecology of the rainforest.  Tourists learn about the causes and effects of its destruction.  Money the tourists spend is used to protect the natural habitat.  It has also been used to build a school and hospital.  People in the settlement have gained educationally and socially from the hospital and school.  The tourist lodges are low-rise.  They are made from local materials.  Poeple can only get to the lodges by boat.  The lodges use solar power for energy.


Alta Floresta is an example of sustainable tourism in an LIC.


  1. i)What is sustainable tourism?  Cross out the wrong word in the sentence below. (1)


    It is tourism that benefits the local people and does as much / little harm as possible to the environment.


  1. ii)State two things that have been done at Alta Floresta to make it an example of sustainable tourism. (2)


  1. iii)Choose a fragile environment you have studied in an HIC where tourism is being managed sustainably.  Explain the management strategies used. (5)


HIGHER TIER


1. Read the following information about the Alta Floresta Ecotourism project.


Alta Floresta is a settlement in the Amazon rainforest.  People from the settlement are trained to work at the tourist centre.  The tourist centre educates tourists about the ecology of the rainforest.  Tourists learn about the causes and effects of its destruction.  Money the tourists spend is used to protect the natural habitat.  It has also been used to build a school and hospital.  People in the settlement have gained educationally and socially from the hospital and school.  The tourist lodges are low-rise.  They are made from local materials.  Poeple can only get to the lodges by boat.  The lodges use solar power for energy.


Alta Floresta is an example of sustainable tourism in an LIC.


  1. i)What is sustainable tourism? (1)


  1. ii)What has been done at Alta Floresta to make it an example of sustainable tourism? (2)


  1. iii)Choose a fragile environment you have studied in an HIC where tourism is being managed sustainably.  Explain the management strategies used. (5)


FOUNDATION TIER


2. Tourism in fragile environments requires sustainable management.  Choose a case study you have made of an area in an LIC. 


  1. i)Describe the problems that tourists could cause or have caused in this area. (3)


  2. ii)Explain how these problems are managed. (5)


HIGHER TIER


  1. 2.Tourism in fragile environments requires sustainable management.  Choose a case study you have made of an area in an LIC.  Describe the problems that tourists could cause or have caused in this area and explain how these problems are managed. (8)


FOUNDATION TIER


3. Tourism is being made more sustainable.  Cross out the wrong word or words in the following sentences. (3)


    Some parts of mountain areas are being conserved / exploited.  This means that people are not allowed to go into these areas.


    In other areas more / less tourists are being allowed to visit so that not so much damage is caused.


    Buildings are built using local / imported materials so that they don’t spoil the look of the environment.


HIGHER TIER


3. Sustainable strategies are being used to reduce environmental damage to tourist areas.  Describe these strategies using examples from places you have studied. (2)